In the sixteenth century the Portuguese started building levadas to carry water to the agricultural regions. The most recent were made in the 1940s. Madeira is very mountainous, and building the levadas was often difficult. Many are cut into the sides of mountains, and it was also necessary to dig 25 miles (40 km) of tunnels. Now it's a place for hikers and walks !
Updated on 2017-02-24 - Images from Amazon API. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.